Uttar Pradesh: Ghazipur brick manufacturing cluster


Ghazipur city-the administrative headquarters of Ghazipur district, in the Varanasi division in Uttar Pradesh-is also an important brick manufacturing cluster. There are about 480 brick making units in the cluster, of which about 380 kilns were operated during 2017-18. Almost all the units use fixed chimney Bull’s Trench Kilns (BTKs) for firing of green bricks. A few brick units in the cluster have switched over to zigzag firing process. All the brick kilns are engaged in production of clay fired solid bricks through the conventional handmade process. Thermal energy accounts for almost 100% of energy consumption in brick kilns. Almost the entire energy requirement is met from coal; the annual cluster-level coal consumption is estimated at over 302,000 tonnes. The average production capacity of a typical unit is about 25,000 bricks per day. Brick manufacturing is a seasonal activity, and the units operate for about six months a year (January to June).

Products manufactured

Clay fired solid bricks

Number of Brick Kilns


Energy Consumption


Main fuels


Total energy consumption (toe)


Leading industry association(s)

  • All India Brick & Tile Manufacturers Federation
  • Int Nirmata Parishad, Varanasi
  • Uttar Pradesh Brick Manufacturers Association, Lucknow
  • Ghazipur Janpath Int Nirmata Samiti

Energy efficiency initiatives

Advancing Energy Efficiency in the Micro, Small and Medium Enterprise (MSME) sector in India

Cluster manual


Other resources

  • MSME-Development Institute (MSME-DI), Varanasi
  • District Industries Centre, Varanasi
  • Uttar Pradesh Pollution Control Board - http://www.uppcb.com/

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Secretary - SAMEEEKSHA, Industrial Energy Efficiency Division,
TERI, Darbari Seth Block, IHC Complex, Lodhi Road, New Delhi 110 003, India
Tel: +91 11 2468 2100, 2468 2111 | Email: sameeeksha@teri.res.in